Black and African American constitute the third largest racial and ethnic group in the United state ( after White Americans and Hispanic and Latino American).Most African American are of West and Central African .
African-American history starts in the 16th century.with people from West African forcibly taken as slaves to Spanish America, and in the 17th century with West African slaves taken to English colonies in North America .after the founding of the United States,Black people continued to be enslaved with four million denied freedom from bondage prior to Civil War.
By the 1640 and 1650s , several African families owned farms around Jamestown and some became wealthy by colonial standards and purchased indentured servants of their own .
in 1640 the Virginia court recorded the earliest documentation of lifetime slavery when they sentenced John Punch , A Negro ,TO LIFETIME SERVITUDE UNDER HIS MASTER Hugh Gwyn for running away .
The popular conception of a race -based slaves system did not fully develop until the 18th century.
The dutch West India Company introduced slavery in 1625 with the importation of eleven black slaves into New Amsterdam (presnt -day New York City ).all the colony’s slaves ,however ,were freed upon its surrender to the British .
During the 1770s ,Africans ,both enslaved and free ,helped rebellious English colonists secure American Independence by defeating the British in the American Revolution ,Africans and Englishmen fought side by side and were fully integrated.
African America quickly set up congregations for themselves ,as well as schools and community \civic associations ,to have space away from white control or oversight. while the post-war Reconstruction era was initially a time of progress for African Americans, that period ended 1876. By the late 1890 s , Southern states enacted Jim Crow laws to enforce racial segregation and disenfranchisement. Most African Americans obeyed the Jim Crow laws, in order to avoid racially motivated violence .
Almost 58% of African Americans lived in metropolitan areas in 2000, With over 2 million black residents. New York City had the largest black urban population in the United States in2000, overall the city has 28% black population . Chicago has the second largest black population, with almost 1.6 million African Americans in its metropolitan area ,representing about 18 % of the total metropolitan population.
Egypt as an African country consider one of the oldest country in Africa , Nubia is the most obvious African part in Egypt ,those people still keep their traditions and their own unwritten language (same like African countries). The magic of this part of Egypt make you feel that you are in Africa ,they still keep their folkloric music and dance ,even in their life , they refused to accept any stranger to solve their problems . the Nubian still have lots of mysteries , such as , they still believe in the power of the natural, ( at their houses they still keep the sand as a power of absorb the negative energy from the body),, .
They believe the crocodile was the symbol to protect them from evil sprite. The most interesting about Nubia their authentic life (their wedding ceremony consider a great event in the village ), till now they use the herbs for health treatment and they consider their land is the central of the world.
The Nubian woman helping her husband for income because the main jobs in Nubia is fishing or agriculture , but the Nubian woman helped her husband by the fantastic handmade cotton ,waves clothes , also she make lots of handmade things from palm trees like the baskets and purses .
The Nubian community is totally different than the Egyptian one in, spite, they still under control the Egyptian government.