Luxor temple, the southernmost of monuments of the Theban east bank, was located in the heart of ancient Thebes and, like Karnak, was dedicated to the god Amun or Amun-Re.
A special manifestation of the god was worshipped here, however. Like the Amun of Karnak he is depicted in two principal form -as the blue-painted sky god and the black-painted ithyphallic fertility god- but maintained a kind of separate identity and was ‘visited’ by the Amun of Karnak each year. the temple was called the southern Opet or ‘Place of seclusion’ and its god Amenemope ‘Amun of the Opet.
IT is known that Hatshepsut built extensively in Luxor Temple, but much of her work was eventually replaced. The core area of Luxor Temple as it stands today was constructed by Amenophis 111,the18th-dynasty’s great ‘sun king’. He built in two stages; in the first stage, he constructed and decorated a multi-roomed complex on a raised platform that today is the southernmost part of the temple. Later in his reign, the king added an open peristyle sun court to the north and also laid the foundations for a large colonnade to the north of that.
In the 13th century, the Mosque of Abu el-Haggag was constructed. This mosque still remains in use today and effectively brings the history of Luxor Temple as a sacred precinct from its beginnings, sometime before 1500Bc, to the present day- a history of well over 3,000 years of change, development and growth.